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The patterns mentioned below are a few occuring patterns, often used on carpets with all-over/repeatedly motifs.
Herati pattern from an oriental carpet.
This pattern has its name from the city of Herat in Northwestern Afghanistan. It is a common pattern found mainly on handmade carpets from Iran. It comprises of a flower inside a rhomb surrounded by four acanthus-leaves. These leafs are sometimes called fishes, because of its similarity, and the pattern is often used on carpets with an all-over/repeated motif.
Boteh pattern from an oriental carpet.
This pattern is in addition to the herati, the most common in oriental carpet patterns. It is characterized by a pear-like repeated motif pointing upwards. The pattern is considered by few to be a flame, other interpretations also exists such as a leaf, a bush or a pine. It also resembles the imprint from a hand. Another name used for the Boteh is Mir-e buteh.
Shah Abbas pattern from an oriental carpet.
Shah Abbas pattern 
A central pattern on oriental carpets consisting of arabesque-, palmettes and lotus-motifs in elegant shapes which demand a high knot density. This pattern was developed during Shah Abbas I regency and is common in Keshan, Isfahan, Mashad and Nain carpets and also in carpets that copy the Persian style such as India, China and Pakistan.
Göl pattern from an oriental carpet.
Gl pattern 
Gl, is an elephant-like, often octagonal repeated pattern which in different shapes is used as a carpet pattern and heraldic emblem mainly among the Turkmoman people who manufacture the carpets. The pattern is common on Afghan carpets for example. It should not be confused with the Gl. 
Gül pattern from an oriental carpet.
Gl pattern 
Gl (Persian gol "rose"), is the name given to a floral motif on oriental carpets, for example the gl-i-henna (which depicts the henna plant) and gl-i-frank (french rose), a French accentuated pattern, often pictured with five flowers. This pattern should not be confused with the Gl. 
Dyrnak pattern from an oriental carpet.
This is a Turkish pattern occuring on carpets made by the Turkish Yomuts, and it often has details in a larger gl pattern. It is considered to be a very old pattern and occurs sometimes in a simple style and in more complex variations.