Carpet glossary: D-F

Daghestan carpets, handknotted geometric patterned carpets from Daghestan. Older Daghestan carpets (until 1925) are entirely made of wool and comes with clear natural colours. The carpets were often used as praying carpets. The newer carpets have warp and weft made of cotton and are dominated by synthetic colours. These so called Kolchos carpets are heavily washed, often giving a sort of greyish nuance. Newly made carpets are often called Micrach, Achty or Derbent carpets.

Demirdji carpets, handknotted Turkish carpets with Ghiordes and Kula patterns.

Derbent carpets, handknotted geometric patterned carpets manufactured in the city of Derbent in Daghestan, north-eastern Caucasus, and in its surroundings. The carpets that are manufactured before 1925 differs from the rest by its longer pile, fewer colours and a more loose and rougher knotting.

Dergezin carpets, handknotted carpets from the district of Hamadan in Iran.

Dhurrie, a different name for Dorri.

Djabrail carpets, handknotted carpets from the district of Karabagh in southern Caucasus.

Djoscheghan carpets, a different name for Joshagan carpets.

Dorri, also named Dhurrie/Durrie . It is the name on a Indo kelim weave that is entirely made in cotton. The modern manufacturing of durable Dorri-products, as pictoral weaves and carpets, in soft colours is very popular today.

Dorukhsh carpets (after the place Dorukhsh, Iran), handknotted Persian carpets, see Khorasan carpets.

Dosar, a different name for Dozar.

Dozar, a term for the size of handknotted carpets; from 200x120 cm to 210x140 cm.

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Dragon carpets, handknotted carpets from Caucasia and northern Iran. The carpets were manufactured by Armenians during the period between 16th-19th century. Red is the dominating colour on the carpets and the knot density is often around 150 000 knots/squm and the most common size is Kelley. The pattern consists of a squared pattern with lancet leaves with stylized dragons, the bird Phoenix, flowers, trees and palmettes.

Durrie, a different name for Dorri.

East Turkestan carpets, handknotted carpets from Xinjiang (East Turkestan) in north-western China.

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Egyptian Carpets

Egyptian carpets, are often divided into three categories; Mamluk, Cairo and newly manufactured carpets.

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Ekbatana carpets, thick and rough handknotted carpets from the district of Hamadan, Iran.

Eluru carpets, handknotted carpets from Eluru in India.

Elvend carpets, handknotted carpets from the district of Hamadan, Iran.

Emoghli, a different name for Amoghli.

Endjilas carpets, a different name for Enjilas carpets.

Enessi, a different name for engsi.

Engsi, enessi / ensi , Turkoman handknotted curtain for tents. The most common pattern is the Hatchlu and older curtains are often made in Zaronim-size (approximately 150x100 cm). Nowadays there are an extensive production of these tent-curtains.

Enjilas carpets, Endjilas, Injilas, Indjelas carpets , handknotted carpets from the city of Enjilas, outside Hamadan in Iran. The central piece in the carpets always consists of a floral motif, Herati pattern, sometimes with a medallion and are dominated by red and blue colours. The most common size is dozar (approximately 210 × ca 125 cm).

Ensi, a different name for engsi.

Erivan carpets, handknotted carpets from the city and district of Erivan in Armenia.

Ersari carpets, handknotted carpets manufactured in northern Afghanistan. The Ersari carpets are often the denomination on older Afghan carpets , after a tribe living in the north of Afghanistan. The carpets are often rust-red with larger octogons and a thinner border than on the younger carpets. It is possible to see the influence from the war in some newer patterns on carpets manufactured in the eighties, such as tanks, machine guns and helicopters. Todays Afghani carpets mostly consists of nomad performances, but also commercial mass production occurs.

Esfahan carpets, a different name for Isfahan carpets.

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Eskisher carpets, handknotted carpets made in Eskisher, west of Ankara in Turkey.

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Exclusive carpets, carpets with exceptional detail knotted by hand in a workshop by experienced, professional carpet weavers.

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Fachralo carpets, handknotted carpets from Caucasia, see Kazak carpets.

Farahan carpets, a different name for Ferahan carpets.

Fars carpets, handknotted carpets from the province of Fars in south-western Iran. The carpets are knotted by resident as well as nomads in an area around the city of Shiraz, from the Persian Gulf in the south to the city of Abadeh in the north. The carpets from the Ghashghai nomads are of highest quality and have become models for carpet manufacturing in the whole region. The long sides of the Fars carpets (Shirazi) are often sewn in two colours and the warp are often made of wool. It is also common with borders on the short sides (without equivalence on the long sides). The fars carpets are in the same group or category of carpets such as the Ghashghai, Shiraz, Khamse, Gabbeh, Neyriz and Abadeh carpets .

Farsi baff, a different name for the Persian knot (also called asymmetrical knot and Senneh knot).

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Ferahan carpets, Feraghan, Farahan carpets , handknotted carpets from the district of Ferahan in western Iran. The carpets are knotted with a Persian knot on a warp made of cotton and the dominating colours are red and blue. They often have a Herati pattern, with or without a medallion. Older Ferahan carpets (before 1925) are of very high quality, the younger ones have a more simple pattern and are Mahal or Arak carpets made with rougher knotting.

Ferdovs carpets, handknotted carpets from the district of Khorasan, Iran.

Figural carpets, a carpet whose central piece is dominated by animal or human motifs.

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Flax, Li´num , a family of flax-plants found in temperate and sub-tropical regions, especially around the areas of the Mediterranean Sea. Sometimes used for warp and weft yarns in Oriental carpets with high knot density when the use of a thin warp was needed.

Flokati carpets (from Greek. floka´ti) , Greek, handmade shepherd carpets with a long pile made of sheep wool. The carpets get their characteristic felted and shaggy looks from washing and beating in the streams from the mountains and the following drying in the sun.

Flossa carpets, resembles a rya carpet but has a shorter pile and fewer intervening wefts, giving the carpet a richer pattern.

Fluff, the surplus of fibres in a handknotted carpet. In general there is more fluff in a newer carpet than in an old one which is completely normal since the old one has been vacuumed several times. A good rule is not trying to vacuum all the fluff away at once on a new carpet since it wears the carpet unneccessary. The best way is to vacuum the carpet as usual removing all the loose fluff in it.

Flying carpet, a magical carpet that transports people sitting on it. These kind of carpets often occur in fairy tales and childrens movies.

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