Carpet glossary: P-R

Pakistani carpets, handknotted carpets from Pakistan.

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Panderma carpets, handknotted carpets from the city of Panderma, south of the Sea of Marmara, Turkey.

Paotou carpets, a different name for Baotou carpets.

Paotow carpets, a different name for Baotou carpets.

Pazyryk, finding-place for a group of seven larger (largest diameter 47 m) and several smaller kurgans (graves). These are dated back to about 400-300 B.C. and are situated about 70 km from the Chinese border in eastern Altay, in the Russian federation. Because of the climate, the height (1 600 m above sea level) and the construction frost were formed in several graves, through which organic material was preserved. The graves are lowered and covered with timber and rope timbered chambers below low mounds of earth covered by heavy masses of rocks. North of every chamber, sacrificed horses with magnificent harness were found and the dead lied in log coffins which preserved the bodies.

Peking carpets, a different name for Beijing carpets.

Perde, a size denomination on Oriental carpets. Size approximately 150 × 220 cm.

Persian carpets, handknotted carpets from Iran (Persia).

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Persian knot, asymmetrical knot, Senneh knot, farsibaff.

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Peshawar carpets, handknotted carpets from the city of Peshawar, west of Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Pile, the top layer of a carpets consists of the coloured, short threads (yarn) that stand up perpendicular from the warp. These make up the surface and the pattern of the carpet. The pile can be cut so that every thread has an end and they can also consist of loops.

Poland carpets, handknotted carpets, that in the 17th century, were manufactured in Isfahan and in Keshan and later in Poland, often with heraldic motifs.

Prayer carpet, are used by muslims when praying. The purpose of these carpets are, to create a place for praying, which is clean and delimited from the world around. The carpets do not need to be handmade, it can be flatwoven and machine made. Some carpets have a Mihrab pattern (praying niche pattern), showing the direction against Mecca and the carpets are, for practical reasons, always small (zaronim size at the most or approximately 150 × 100 cm).

Pushti, poshti, a size denomination, approximately 90 x 60 cm, for handknotted carpets. The name is, sometimes misleading, the denomination for smaller carpets from Anatolia.

Qain carpets, handknotted carpets from the city of Qain south of Mashad, Iran.

Qashqai carpets, a different name for Ghashghai carpets.

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Qoltug carpets, a different name for Goltuk carpets.

Qom carpets, a different name for Ghom carpets.

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Quba carpets, Guba, Kuba carpets, handknotted carpets from the area around the city of Quba in eastern Caucasia. The carpets manufactured before 1925 have warp of wool and are woven with clear natural colours in geometrical patterns, often with a decorative edge in Soumak technique in the short sides and with artistic braided fringes. Other carperts that belong to the The Quba carpets group are for example Karagasjli, Konagend, Tji-tji, Perepedil, Zejchur and Zejva carpets .

Quetta carpets, handknotted carpets from the city of Quetta, Pakistan.

Rawalpindi, former capital of Pakistan. Nowadays a city with mass production of handknotted carpets.

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Ravar-Kerman carpets, the same as Kerman-Ravar carpets.

Red carpet, a long, red-coloured carpet that is rolled out at entrances in connection with ceremonial occasions and exclusive visits.

Ribs(Eng. ribs, pl. of rib) , is a plain weave of the highest degree, with a weaving technique with a warp effect. It is woven with two kinds of weft.Rougher or tighter qualities on the threads gives it raised stripes in the direction of the warp or the weft. The thin weft gives the impression that the pattern exchanges place in the fabric. Ribs carpets are woven with a warp of cotton, and the colour changes in the warp gives it a squared pattern.

Romanian carpets, handknotted carpets from Romania.

Runner, Persian Kenareh , a size denomination of a handknotted carpet whose length is at least three times as long as its width. The length varies from at least approximately 2.5 m and the width between approximately 0.5 m and 1.2 m.

Rya, a weaving technique that is something between weaving and genuine needle work. Much like a pile carpet and used mostly on carpets, wall-hangings and cushions. Due to its field of application it is also the reason why the breed of sheep was saved from extinction at the beginning of the 20th century.

Rya carpets, rya, a carpet made as a pile rug with a relatively long pile, often made of wool yarn. The warming rya quilt for everyday use was placed with the pile downwards, while the side with the ornament was placed up to and rich decorated.

Rya quilt, the precursor of the rya carpet, which was used with the pile side downwards in bed. The quilt missed the thorough pattern that was found on the later rya carpets. If the pile is covering the whole surface of the weave, then it is a full rya and if the pile is knotted in just to create a decorative pattern on parts of the weave while the rest consists of traditional fabric, the weave is called semi rya.

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