Caucasian carpets

Areas for manufacturing Caucasian carpets.

The Caucasian carpets are from the areas south, east and north of the mountain chain of the Caucasus.

Carpets, made before 1925, can be divided into five groups namely; Kazak, Karabach, Sjirvan, Kuba and Dagestan carpets. The carpets from the Karabach area often have finer patterns and resemble Persian carpets. Outside these groupings there are also Gjandzja, Silé and Verni carpets.

The significance of these beautiful carpets are their geometrical patterns, often with an imaginative and plentiful way of expression. Sometimes curvilinear animal and pattern figures occur in the carpets.

Some examples of carpets with Caucasian patterns:

The mosque in Baku, Azerbajdzan.

The older Caucasian carpets are made with handspun yarns of wool as well as the warp, weft and pile. The natural colours are both clear and strong. Good wool quality and Turkish knots make the carpets durable and they have a good reputation.

In newer carpets, made after 1925, the warp is of cotton, with syntethic colours that are bleached and fewer and simplified patterns are used. The carpets are fairly durable, but less interesting from an artistic point of view. The most common names on these carpets are Kazak, Derbent, Mikrach, Gendje, Erivan, Sjirvan and Akhty.

Today, newer carpets are produced in Pakistan with inspiration from the Caucasian carpets which are coloured with natural plant dyes. These carpets are durable and have a relatively short pile and are sold under the name "Kazak".

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A reproduction of a Kazak carpet.
The Kazak carpets fits in very nice in modern environments.
The stone-washed pile in the Kazak carpet has a special lustre.

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